Learning from Megadisasters

Learning from Megadisasters

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While not all natural disasters can be avoided, their impact on a population can be mitigated through effective planning and preparedness. These are the lessons to be learned from Japan's own megadisaster: the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011, the fi rst disaster ever recorded that included an earthquake, a tsunami, a nuclear power plant accident, a power supply failure, and a large-scale disruption of supply chains. It is a sad fact that poor communities are often hardest hit and take the longest to recover from disaster. Disaster risk management (DRM) should therefore be taken into account as a major development challenge, and countries must shift from a tradition of response to a culture of prevention and resilience. Learning from Megadisasters: Lessons from the Great East Japan Earthquake consolidates a set of 36 Knowledge Notes, research results of a joint study undertaken by the Government of Japan and the World Bank. These notes highlight key lessons learned in seven DRM thematic clustersa€”structural measures; nonstructural measures; emergency response; reconstruction planning; hazard and risk information and decision making; the economics of disaster risk, risk management, and risk fi nancing; and recovery and relocation. Aimed at sharing Japanese cutting-edge knowledge with practitioners and decision makers, this book provides valuable guidance to other disaster-prone countries for mainstreaming DRM in their development policies and weathering their own natural disasters.... and Fukushima. It is estimated that the area of agricultural land that will be restored and cultivated again by 2012 could be less than 50 percent in Iwate and Miyagi prefectures, and only up to 20 percent in Fukushima Prefecture as a result of the nuclear accident. ... Equity markets fell by over 15 percent in the first weeks after the earthquake, but recouped roughly onethird oftheir losses by mid-June 2011. ... Nikkei Index is a stock market index for the Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE).

Title:Learning from Megadisasters
Author: Federica Ranghieri, Mikio Ishiwatari
Publisher:World Bank Publications - 2014-06-26

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